Review 20th Contemporary Art Festival Sesc_Videobrasil
Spreading the South
Since its 8th edition the Contemporary Art Festival Sesc_Videobrasil has focused on the rather underrepresented artistic scene from the geopolitical South. Now in its 20th year the festival not only broadens its open call towards artists from the Middle East or Greece. But it also widens its perception of an artistic concept - beyond geographical boundaries.
21. October 2017
Since its inception in 1983, the Contemporary Art Festival Sesc_Videobrasil has played a central role in both asserting the presence of video in the institutional sphere and as a platform for artistic production coming from outside the Western circuit. So, in this 20th edition, the festival’s name might sound a little anachronistic: works are no longer exclusively related to videos neither restricted to Brazilian production. Nomenclature aside, its remarkable program is precisely how the festival has been reviewing its scope during these 34 years. Since the 8th edition, a focus on an underrepresented artistic scene from the geopolitical South began to be defined. More recently, the curators have assumed their event as a cultural platform of the Global South, a complex term charged with meaning and defined by a variety of practices beyond the geographical boundaries.
This very condition brings about a necessary and constant debate about the criteria that apply to the countries artists submitting entries for open calls are born or resident in. Currently these regions are in Latin America, Africa, parts of Asia, the Middle East and Eastern Europe. In the last 19th edition, the economic turmoil in Greece made it possible for this country to be included. For the current edition, another addition were the Portuguese-speaking countries, including Portugal for its similar peripheral condition in Europe.
Opened on 3 October and running until 14 January, 2018, this current edition is more reduced than its predecessor in 2015, which had marked the inauguration of Galpão VB, the new headquarters of Associação Cultural Videobrasil where one of three exhibitions was hosted. Gathering works by 50 artists from 25 countries, this year’s only show, Southern Panoramas, and the parallel activities are concentrated throughout the SESC Pompeia, a former factory, and Lina Bo Bardi’s architectural project.
Although videos still have a predominant role, they remain harmonically balanced with other media in the spaces. The exhibition design smartly explores unconventional sites for subtle installations such as Ana Mazzei’s ballet barres (A Barra de ballet está livre, 2016), displayed in the hall of the theatre. Also interestingly placed is Icaro Lira’s Museu do Estrangeiro (Foreigner Museum, 2015-17), an ongoing project the artist is collaborating on with refugees and immigrants in São Paulo. At the festival it is presented at the studio’s workshop shed, in dialogue with the original proposal as a place of creative exchange between different working groups.
One of the six curatorial axes devised by Solange Farkas and guest curators Ana Pato, Beatriz Lemos, Diego Matos and João Laia is memory and invisible histories. A concept shared by Ícaro Lira and Portuguese artist Filipa César, who presents one of the strongest works of this edition. Awarded with the Sesc Art Collection Acquisition prize, César’s essay film Transmission from the Liberated Zones (2015) sheds light on an obscure episode of Guinea-Bissau’s war against Portuguese colonial power: footage made by Swedish filmmakers testifying to the African Liberation Party PAIGC guerillas’ declaration of independence. Combining different kinds of archival material with interviews, with a young boy narrating these facts from his perspective today, César constructs ‘archives of the present,’ as she defines them, exploring visual elements that reinforce such aspects. Following the same line, the artist presented a public screening and performance with Sana Na N’Hada.
The two artists have been working together on the restoration of a decayed archive from Guinea-Bissau’s National Film Institute (INCA) that includes an unfinished documentary that was shot after the country’s independence in 1974. N’Hada was among the filmmakers who made the footage after anti-colonial leader Amílcar Cabral had sent him and other members of the liberated areas to Cuba in the 1960’s to be trained at Santiago Alvarez’ institute.
Dealing with similar issues about African colonial pasts and a transnational cultural dialogue, the Beninese artist and French resident Emo de Medeiros is another interesting surprise of this 20th festival. His appealing video installation Kaleta/Kaleta (2013-2017) reenacts the ritual of this local cultural festivity, bringing together elements such as masks and afrobeats music, while creating a parallel with the Brazilian carnival. The historical connection between Brazil and Benin is a familiar fact: the African country was the origin of the most frequented route of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade to South America’s coast.
From the Brazilian artistic scene, Jaime Lauriano and the duo Bárbara Wagner and Benjamin de Burca stand out as the strongest names – although none of their works displayed here are a surprises for the local audience. Also awarded with the Sesc Art Collection Acquisition prize, Wagner and de Burca’s Faz que Vai (2015) brilliantly discusses cultural reinvention and the circulation of mass culture in documenting a young generation of Frevo dancers.
In their performances, this once traditional manifestation of the carnival in the northeast of Brazil is revealed as already contaminated with other popular rhythms, such as Rio de Janeiro’s funk. It therefore questions the very idea of traditional local culture’s permanence as resistance or a conservative posture – a sensitive topic in the debates about the Global South from a cultural perspective.
Nathalia Lavigne is a curator, art critic and journalist based in São Paulo (Brazil). She is currently a PhD Student at the School of Architecture and Urbanism at Universidade de São Paulo (FAUUSP).
The 20th Contemporary Art Festival Sesc_Videobrasil runs through January 14, 2018 at Sesc Pompeia, in São Paulo, with exhibition of works, video programs, open lectures, meetings and talks with artists and curators.